Natural active ingredients

NON-EXHAUSTIVE LIST OF NATURAL ACTIVE INGREDIENTS

Although many of the beneficial properties of compounds of vegetable origin are still unknown, these products are sometimes more effective than the laboratory-developed products we commonly find at the chemist’s (which often also have many contraindications). Active ingredients of natural origin have a different accumulation rate in the human body, as they are more easily dispersed than silver, copper or chlorine compounds.

GLYCOSIDES

  • Cardioactive or cardiokinetic glycosides, including digitalis ones:

    digitalis, strophantus, scilla, lily of the valley, hellebore, thevetia;

  • Tannic glycosides;

  • Cyanogenic glycosides:

    prunus laurocerasus, bitter almond;

  • Coumarin glycosides:

    tonka beans, star anise, horse chestnut;

  • Glucosides:

    mustard, onion, garlic;

  • Phenolic glycosides:

    willow, vanilla, kinnikinnick (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi), citrus fruits;

  • Flavonoid glycosides:

    citrus fruits, rue, sophora, cardus marianus

  • Anthocyanin glycosides:

    blueberry, grapes;

  • Anthraquinone glycosides:

    cascara, aloe, frangula alnus, rhubarb, senna;

  • Saponins:

    liquorice, dioscorea;

  • Catechin glycosides:

    witch hazel (hamamelis), krameria, kino, walnut;

  • Glycoalkaloids;

  • Immunostimulants:

    ginseng, echinacea, Eleutherococcus senticosus.

ALKALOIDS

The following alkaloids benefit the neuromuscular system by acting on adrenergic receptors. They are also used in chemotherapy:

  • Quinoline:

    mustard, onion, garlic;

  • Isoquinoline:

    derived from quinoline, very important

  • Mescaline:

    obtained from Lophophora williamsii

  • Papaverine and Narcotine:

    extracted from Papaver somniferum

  • Terpenoids

    such the extract of Aconitum napellus (toxic) and valerian (tranquilizing)

  • Protopine:

    it can be found in the plants in the Papaver species

  • Berberine, hydrastine, and canadine:

    canadines found in Berberidaceae (Berberis vulgaris, aquifolium, Hydrastis canadensis) and in Papaveraceae (Chelidonium majus)

  • The group of purine:

    such as caffeine, theobromine, theophylline, and aminophylline, which are found in cocoa, coffee, and tea; derivatives of adenine and guanine (collective name: xanthines). They prolong the half-life of many hormones, including adrenaline.

TERPENES

  • Geraniol

  • Menthol

  • Carotene

  • Myrcene

  • Isoprenol

  • Camphor

  • Limonene

  • Squalene

Other less-known, but increasingly common, examples: usnic acid, usnic acid salts, tamarind, soursop, etc.

See some example of natural antibacterials and antibiotics that are also effective against new bacteria

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